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Prenatal antibiotic use could be linked to an increased risk of asthma in children

Time : 28th of June 2022 01:57:07 PM Pulmonology,Paediatrics,Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Prenatal antibiotic exposure is linked to an increased relative risk of developing asthma and wheeze in kids during childhood, as per meta-analysis. Another assessment showed that antibiotic use during pregnancy increased the risk for dermatitis/eczema and allergic rhinitis. One study revealed that prenatal antibiotic exposure increases the relative risk of food allergy.
  Twitter @FoodAllergyNCBI

IL-6 antibody reduces airway mucus hypersecretion in patients with COPD

Time : 27th of June 2022 10:18:54 AM Pulmonology,Pharma News

Airway mucus hypersecretion is the crucial pathological feature of COPD, leading to airflow limitation, as per a study. IL-6 neutralising antibody treatment significantly reduced the airway mucus hypersecretion in COPD by inducing Nrf2 nuclear translocation. These findings could provide a new therapeutic strategy to treat COPD with IL-6-induced airway mucus hypersecretion.
  Twitter @Pulmonary_news

Perioperative breathomics could identify lung cancer breath biomarkers

Time : 21st of June 2022 11:47:23 AM Pulmonology,Oncology,Diagnostics & Pathology

Perioperative breathomics showed 16 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as lung cancer breath biomarkers, as per a study. Another study showed that lung cancer patients had a peak intensity of 16 VOCs after adjusting for sex, age, smoking and comorbidities. Diagnostic models including 16 VOCs and top 8 VOCs had 89.1% and 86.9% accuracy in lung cancer diagnosis, respectively.
  Twitter @eClinicalMed

GSK announces positive results of its RSV vaccine candidate

Time : 17th of June 2022 01:59:50 PM Pulmonology,Physician/Medicine,Pharma News

This respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine candidate is the first to exhibit statistically significant clinical efficacy in people aged 60 years and above. The antigen and adjuvant combo aid older people overcome the inherent age-related loss of immunity that makes them prone to more RSV disease. GSK hopes to submit the data on the RSV shot to regulators for a review.

Canada proposes written health warnings to be printed on individual cigarettes

Time : 15th of June 2022 01:54:53 PM Pulmonology,Physician/Medicine,Entertainment

Canada is the first country in the world to propose warnings written on individual cigarettes. Carolyn Bennett, Mental Health and Addictions Minister, stated that adding warnings on individual cigarettes will help to ensure the vital message reaches people who often access one cigarette at a time in social situations sidestepping the information printed on packages.
  Twitter @Reuters_Health

Long term study discovers cigarette smoking doubles the risk of heart failure

Time : 14th of June 2022 09:33:29 AM Pulmonology,Physician/Medicine,Cardiology

Compared to never–smokers, the smokers were diagnosed with two cardiac failure subtypes at rates of 2.28 times higher for preserved ejection fraction and 2.16 times greater for reduced ejection fraction, as per a study with a median follow-up of 13 years. Former smokers were 36% and 31% more likely to have reduced ejection fraction and preserved ejection fraction.
  Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Inhaled vaccinations provide stronger protection than nasal sprays

Time : 13th of June 2022 12:17:58 PM Pulmonology,Physician/Medicine,Pharma News

Nasal sprays mainly reach the nose and throat, while inhaled aerosols bypass the nasal passage and deliver vaccine deep in the airway because of the anatomy and nature of the tissue, which generates a wide protective immune response. Nasal mist flu vaccines are more effective in children and less effective in adults making injectable flu shots a preferred choice.
  McMaster University

A new way to block the replication of the influenza virus

Time : 6th of June 2022 11:01:22 AM Pulmonology,Pharma News

STE025, a SUMOylation inhibitor, could completely block the SUMOylation process on the M1 protein leading to the blocking of replication of Influenza B virus, as per a study. Influenza B virus utilises a human intracellular process called SUMOylation to change the M1 gene favourable for increasing biochemical activities needed for viral replication.

  University of California, Riverside

Hookah is injurious to health and addictive like traditional cigarettes

Time : 3rd of June 2022 02:02:28 PM Pulmonology,Physician/Medicine,Entertainment

Hookahs contain a similar amount of nicotine as cigarettes and cause addiction, mouth and lung cancer, CVD, metabolic syndrome, infertility, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, respiratory difficulties, and neurological and psychological issues. Sharing the same hookah mouthpiece by many people could cause the spread of fungal and bacterial infections from person to person.

  English Times

Acute stress causes harm in fighting against COVID-19 and Influenza: Study

Time : 2nd of June 2022 12:57:01 PM Pulmonology,Physician/Medicine,Covid-19

Acute stress prompts neurons from the paraventricular hypothalamus region to trigger the movement of immune cells instantly from the lymph nodes to bone marrow and blood. This process diminishes the immune responses of viruses such as Influenza and COVID-19 and makes the body less resistant to fighting infection, and keeps an individual at risk of complications and death.

  Today UK News