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Can a person live without the pancreas?

Time : 8th of December 2022 01:18:42 PM Physician/Medicine,Oncology,General Surgery,Gastroenterology

A 58-year-old man with severe abdominal pain underwent surgery to remove the pancreas and spleen after diagnosis of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm or pancreatic cancer in 2016. He received chemotherapy for nine months to get rid of residual cancer. Although the patient is diabetic now, he is living a new life and coping by taking insulin and other pills to compensate.
  Cleveland Clinic

Are COVID-19 vaccines effective against long Covid?

Time : 8th of December 2022 11:40:20 AM Physician/Medicine,Pharma News,Covid-19

A meta-analysis revealed that one or more doses of COVID-19 vaccines are 29% effective in preventing symptoms that last for three weeks or more after infection. People who received the vaccine after infection also experienced some benefits. These findings might encourage and reassure unvaccinated people with persistent symptoms to get vaccinated.

AHA explains the difference between heart attack and cardiac arrest

Time : 8th of December 2022 10:14:31 AM Physician/Medicine,Entertainment,Cardiology

Heart attacks occur when an artery gets blocked, preventing blood supply to a part of the heart and leading to the death of the artery. It can be immediate and start with mild to no symptoms. In contrast, cardiac arrest is sudden without warning when the heart stops beating and pumping blood due to electrical malfunctioning. Death can occur within minutes after cardiac arrest.
  American Heart Association

Cancer regression without treatment is very rare

Time : 8th of December 2022 09:40:03 AM Physician/Medicine,Oncology

A pooled analysis was conducted on more than 5,000 cancer patients with advanced solid tumours who were treated with a placebo in 45 randomized controlled trials. The findings revealed that only 1% of them achieved some response without actual treatment. However, complete regression of cancer in the absence of treatment was extremely rare and almost 0%.
  Twitter @oncology_bg

Rebound of COVID-19 after Paxlovid treatment is rare

Time : 7th of December 2022 01:05:16 PM Physician/Medicine,Pharma News,Covid-19

A study from Hong Kong on hospitalized patients with COVID-19 revealed the rebound of the virus infection after treatment with Paxlovid ( nirmatrelvir-ritonavir) and molnupiravir was uncommon. It also showed these treatments were not associated with higher chances of mortality. These findings suggest using these treatments for treating patients with early COVID-19 infection.

New malaria drug should be given at higher doses to cure infection

Time : 7th of December 2022 12:31:14 PM Physician/Medicine,Pharma News

Tafenoquine at a dose of 300 mg was found to reduce recurrent infections with Plasmodium vivax by 70%, as per a study. Increasing the dose to 450 mg also reduced the recurrence by 85%. The drug has the advantage of being single-dosed, unlike primaquine, which should be taken for 7 to 14 days. Some studies suggested that a 300 mg dose of the drug was inferior to primaquine.
  Today UK News

England: Kids at risk of strep A infection to get preventive antibiotics

Time : 7th of December 2022 11:17:06 AM Physician/Medicine,Paediatrics

The decision came after nine children died from complications following a strep A bacterial infection. It is a rare blanket measure to prevent complications of step A in primary schoolchildren. Strep A infections are usually mild that produce symptoms of sore throat and skin infections. They can be managed with antibiotics. However, deaths are rare.
  The Guardian

What are the warning signs of suicide?

Time : 7th of December 2022 10:38:02 AM Psychiatry & Mental Health,Physician/Medicine,Entertainment

Talking about wanting to die, shame or guilt, being a burden to others, feeling trapped, empty, hopeless, sad, anxious, agitated, rage, unbearable physical and emotional pain are warning signs of suicide. Changes in behaviour like researching ways to die, withdrawal from friends, giving away things, making a will, and taking dangerous steps also include suicidal behaviours.
  Twitter @samhsagov

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines could reduce pneumonia hospitalizations

Time : 7th of December 2022 09:44:53 AM Pulmonology,Physician/Medicine,Pharma News

Older adults aged above 65 years who received the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine were at a 6.7% lower risk of hospitalization due to pneumonia compared to those who did not take it, as per a study. The risk was 5.8% to 7.5% lower in older adults with underlying health conditions. Vaccine beneficiaries received the vaccine 14 days or more before hospitalization.
  Twitter @JAMAInternalMed

Conservative management for CKD could lower hospitalization risk

Time : 6th of December 2022 12:54:29 PM Physician/Medicine,Nephrology

Patients with chronic kidney disease who opted for conservative management had lower rates of hospitalization compared to that in people who opted for dialysis, as per a study. Congestive failure, hypertension-related problems, and respiratory illnesses were common reasons for hospitalization among patients in both dialysis and conservative management groups.