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Can a person live without the pancreas?
A 58-year-old man with severe abdominal pain underwent surgery to remove the pancreas and spleen after diagnosis of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm or pancreatic cancer in 2016. He received chemotherapy for nine months to get rid of residual cancer. Although the patient is diabetic now, he is living a new life and coping by taking insulin and other pills to compensate.
Are COVID-19 vaccines effective against long Covid?
A meta-analysis revealed that one or more doses of COVID-19 vaccines are 29% effective in preventing symptoms that last for three weeks or more after infection. People who received the vaccine after infection also experienced some benefits. These findings might encourage and reassure unvaccinated people with persistent symptoms to get vaccinated.
AHA explains the difference between heart attack and cardiac arrest
Heart attacks occur when an artery gets blocked, preventing blood supply to a part of the heart and leading to the death of the artery. It can be immediate and start with mild to no symptoms. In contrast, cardiac arrest is sudden without warning when the heart stops beating and pumping blood due to electrical malfunctioning. Death can occur within minutes after cardiac arrest.
American Heart Association
Cancer regression without treatment is very rare
A pooled analysis was conducted on more than 5,000 cancer patients with advanced solid tumours who were treated with a placebo in 45 randomized controlled trials. The findings revealed that only 1% of them achieved some response without actual treatment. However, complete regression of cancer in the absence of treatment was extremely rare and almost 0%.
Rebound of COVID-19 after Paxlovid treatment is rare
A study from Hong Kong on hospitalized patients with COVID-19 revealed the rebound of the virus infection after treatment with Paxlovid ( nirmatrelvir-ritonavir) and molnupiravir was uncommon. It also showed these treatments were not associated with higher chances of mortality. These findings suggest using these treatments for treating patients with early COVID-19 infection.
New malaria drug should be given at higher doses to cure infection
Tafenoquine at a dose of 300 mg was found to reduce recurrent infections with Plasmodium vivax by 70%, as per a study. Increasing the dose to 450 mg also reduced the recurrence by 85%. The drug has the advantage of being single-dosed, unlike primaquine, which should be taken for 7 to 14 days. Some studies suggested that a 300 mg dose of the drug was inferior to primaquine.
Today UK News
England: Kids at risk of strep A infection to get preventive antibiotics
The decision came after nine children died from complications following a strep A bacterial infection. It is a rare blanket measure to prevent complications of step A in primary schoolchildren. Strep A infections are usually mild that produce symptoms of sore throat and skin infections. They can be managed with antibiotics. However, deaths are rare.
What are the warning signs of suicide?
Talking about wanting to die, shame or guilt, being a burden to others, feeling trapped, empty, hopeless, sad, anxious, agitated, rage, unbearable physical and emotional pain are warning signs of suicide. Changes in behaviour like researching ways to die, withdrawal from friends, giving away things, making a will, and taking dangerous steps also include suicidal behaviours.
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines could reduce pneumonia hospitalizations
Older adults aged above 65 years who received the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine were at a 6.7% lower risk of hospitalization due to pneumonia compared to those who did not take it, as per a study. The risk was 5.8% to 7.5% lower in older adults with underlying health conditions. Vaccine beneficiaries received the vaccine 14 days or more before hospitalization.
Conservative management for CKD could lower hospitalization risk
Patients with chronic kidney disease who opted for conservative management had lower rates of hospitalization compared to that in people who opted for dialysis, as per a study. Congestive failure, hypertension-related problems, and respiratory illnesses were common reasons for hospitalization among patients in both dialysis and conservative management groups.