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England: Kids at risk of strep A infection to get preventive antibiotics

Time : 7th of December 2022 11:17:06 AM Physician/Medicine,Paediatrics

The decision came after nine children died from complications following a strep A bacterial infection. It is a rare blanket measure to prevent complications of step A in primary schoolchildren. Strep A infections are usually mild that produce symptoms of sore throat and skin infections. They can be managed with antibiotics. However, deaths are rare.
  The Guardian

Mothers' mental health can impact children's school performance

Time : 6th of December 2022 01:19:03 PM Psychiatry & Mental Health,Paediatrics

Children of mothers hospitalized due to mental disorders during pregnancy or around a year after birth had a higher risk of poor academic scores at 14 years of age, as per a study. Boys had higher chances of poor grades in writing, spelling, and reading compared to girls. Severe psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia had more impact on scores than other mental disorders.
  Curtin University

COVID-19 may not increase type 1 diabetes risk in children

Time : 6th of December 2022 11:09:11 AM Paediatrics,Endocrinology & Diabetes,Covid-19

A study conducted on children in Denmark did not find a higher risk of first-time diagnoses of type 1 diabetes in kids 30 days or more following a positive COVID-19 test compared to that in kids without a history of COVID-19. These findings suggest that a special focus on type 1 diabetes after COVID-19 infection in children might not be required.
  Twitter @TracyBethHoeg

BCG vaccine in infancy protects against TB in children but not adults

Time : 6th of December 2022 09:59:24 AM Pulmonology,Physician/Medicine,Pharma News,Paediatrics

A study showed that BCG vaccination given at birth does not provide significant protection against tuberculosis among adults or adolescents. However, it protected children under the age of 5 years. These findings suggest that the vaccine's effectiveness begins to wave at 10 years of age, and adults should get booster shots for further protection against tuberculosis.

AAP releases a list of 5 common conditions seen in kids in ED

Time : 5th of December 2022 12:19:24 PM Physician/Medicine,Paediatrics,Diagnostics & Pathology

The evidence-based list aims at avoiding unnecessary tests, radiation exposure, pain, costs, and prolonged stay in the ED. Radiographs are not needed for croup, asthma, bronchiolitis, first-time wheezing, and constipation, while labs are not required for medical clearance of kids requiring psychiatric admission. Head CT is not needed for generalized and unprovoked seizures.
  American Academy of Pediatrics

Obesity in children could cause structural changes in the brain

Time : 29th of November 2022 12:52:08 PM Paediatrics,Nutrition & Fitness,Neurology & Neurosurgery

Children aged 9 and 10 years who had the highest BMI scores also had brain impairment, including thinning of the cortex and degradation of white matter, as per a study. These impairments could affect kids' motivation, reward-based decision-making, and even cognitive control. These findings highlight that a healthy lifestyle in childhood promotes healthy brains.

How parents help their children to sleep could affect their temperament

Time : 25th of November 2022 11:51:01 AM Psychiatry & Mental Health,Paediatrics

Children whose parents used passive sleep-supporting techniques like reading, singing, or cuddling had higher sociability scores than those whose parents used active methods like car rides, playing, or walking. In contrast, difficult temperament or fussiness was more common in children whose parents used active techniques, according to the study conducted on toddlers.
  Today UK News

India: Measles outbreak causes the death of 12 children

Time : 25th of November 2022 10:23:38 AM Physician/Medicine,Paediatrics,Nursing

The first death was reported In Mumbai at the end of October. So far, the city has reported 233 confirmed infections, which is 3 times higher than that reported last year. Disruptions in the immunization of children during the COVID-19 pandemic caused the spike in measles infections. Europe also reported large outbreaks due to low rates of vaccination.

WHO warns about the impending global threat of measles outbreaks

Time : 24th of November 2022 12:19:49 PM Physician/Medicine,Paediatrics,Nursing,Covid-19

The COVID-19 pandemic caused a decline in immunization against measles and disruptions in the surveillance of infections worldwide. About 40 million children missed their measles vaccines in 2021. WHO reported large outbreaks at the beginning of 2022, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. WHO's measles head said the coming 12 to 24 months could be challenging.
  Twitter @Reuters_Health

What to do when a child swallows a button battery?

Time : 23rd of November 2022 12:50:46 PM Physician/Medicine,Paediatrics,Entertainment,Emergency Medicine

Button batteries are coin-shaped batteries used in watches, hearing aids, car keys, and toys. Ingesting them is dangerous as they can cause holes in the oesophagus or intestines, ultimately causing tissue damage and death. If a child swallows a button battery, immediately go to the nearest emergency. Vomiting induction and the Heimlich manoeuvre are not recommended.
  Twitter @ClevelandClinic