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Things to know about hand, foot and mouth disease
It starts with cold-like symptoms leading to mouth sores and skin rashes lasting almost 10 days. Patients are most contagious in the first few days, but the virus can pass through stools for weeks. Although it is common in kids aged under 5 years, even caregivers can get infected and sick. People can catch it multiple times as it is caused by multiple viruses.
Paper that surveyed parents of kids with gender dysphoria retracted
The article will be retracted due to a lack of informed consent, as per the author. The paper has the findings from the survey involving parents who were contacted through a website. It reported that parents felt pressure from the clinicians to affirm the new gender and transition of their kids. It attracted criticism soon after its publication in Springer Nature.
Stanford surgeons perform the first beating-heart transplants
Stopping the heart before implanting could damage it, but keeping it beating could prevent further injury. Dr Woo and his team performed the revolutionary procedure on a donor heart recovered after cardiac death that was put on cardiopulmonary bypass. This beating heart was then transplanted into the recipient. The surgery was done on 6 patients, and all of them are doing well.
Researchers find the biological cause behind SIDS
They identified differences in the way serotonin binds to their 5-GT1A/C receptors in the lower brain stem in deceased infants from sudden infant death syndrome. These receptors demonstrated protective functions like responding to low oxygen levels during sleep by waking or gasping in rodents. These issues and environmental and biological factors raise the risk of SIDS.
Psychiatric illness is absent in most mass murderers in the US
Research involving the evaluation of 82 mass murders revealed that all of them were initiated by males, and 63% used firearms. However, psychiatric or psychotic illnesses like schizophrenia were not seen in the perpetrators. About 50% took their own lives on the spot, pointing to the "final act" hypothesis. These findings highlight focusing on cultural and social drivers.
FDA clears a new insulin pump and software for insulin delivery
Beta Bionics iLet ACE Pump, along with the iLet Dosing Decision Software, received FDA clearance for use in patients with type 1 diabetes aged 6 years and older. These two devices and an integrated CGM will combinedly become iLet Bionic Pancreas which uses a closed-loop algorithm to adjust insulin doses based on body weight, meal size, and amounts of carbohydrates.
Casual marijuana use in teenagers is not harmless
A study on over 68,000 teenagers in the US showed that non-disordered cannabis use was 4 times more common and was associated with psychiatric issues. Additionally, recreational use in teenagers was 2 to 3 times higher risk of depression diagnosis and suicidal thoughts. Cannabis use was also linked to legal issues, skipping school, and poor academic performance.
FDA experts advise RSV shots for pregnant women
This recommendation was unanimous after a large study showed that Pfizer's RSV vaccine was 82% effective in preventing severe RSV in newborns till 3 months old when given to pregnant mothers in the second or third trimester. The 2-dose shot was 69% effective against the infection at 6 months of age. Experts voted 10-to-4 for the safety as it slightly raised preterm birth risk.
Teach kids life-saving skills from the age of four, says AHA
School-aged kids show high motivation to learn life-saving skills like calling for help, identifying cardiac arrest, and conducting CPR, as per AHA. It also identified age-appropriate practices to help kids learn these skills after reviewing 100 research articles. Building skills at a young age and reinforcing them consistently could ultimately help improve survival.
American Heart Association
Wegovy is not a silver bullet for obesity, says WHO
The agency is currently revising the guidelines for managing obese children and adolescents to address the rising global obesity rates. The WHO experts said the communication around the weight loss drugs like Wegovy, Xenical, and Mounjaro being marketed as a solution to obesity was wrong as they should be a part of a comprehensive approach to obesity, but not a silver bullet.