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Prenatal antibiotic use could be linked to an increased risk of asthma in children
Prenatal antibiotic exposure is linked to an increased relative risk of developing asthma and wheeze in kids during childhood, as per meta-analysis. Another assessment showed that antibiotic use during pregnancy increased the risk for dermatitis/eczema and allergic rhinitis. One study revealed that prenatal antibiotic exposure increases the relative risk of food allergy.
IUD perforation more likely after delivery
The risk of intrauterine device (IUD) perforation in women in the post-partum period was higher in the initial three days of post-partum than those not in the post-partum period, as per a study. The incidence of IUD perforation was 1.37% in the post-partum breastfeeding group. The risk of IUD perforation increased with breastfeeding than with no breastfeeding.
2 Minute Medicine
How does the legal status of abortions vary by region worldwide?
Almost two dozen nations globally banned abortion altogether. Thirty-eight countries have liberalised their abortion laws, since 2000, according to a report. Thailand and Argentina have legalised abortions since 2020 with some gestational limits. Mexico, New Zealand, Columbia and South Korea decriminalised abortion on demand till twenty-four weeks of pregnancy.
Council on Foreign Relations
IVIg therapy during pregnancy might not increase long-term NDI risk in children
Children from mothers who received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) during pregnancy for FNAIT had no severe neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI), as per a study. However, 14% of the children after antenatal IVIg treatment had mild to moderate NDI. These findings suggest normal cognitive and behavioural development could be expected in kids born after antenatal IVIg treatment.
UN experts denounce the US supreme court's decision on restrictive abortion law
Human rights experts from United Nations denounced the US supreme court's decision to abolish Roe v. Wade, which protected women's right to opt for abortion. It also called on Joe Biden to take necessary measures to reduce its consequences. Experts describe the court's decision as a severe rollback of human rights, which jeopardises women's health and lives.
Keto diet could help women with PCOS
A ketogenic diet significantly improved the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) by increasing insulin sensitivity, as insulin resistance is the key feature of PCOS, as per a study. Also, the keto diet helps balance sex hormones, lose weight, reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels, normalise menstrual cycles, and improve fertility in patients with PCOS.
Pregnant women with PCOS can be at risk of cardiac complications during delivery
Pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) had 56%, 76%, 79%, and 82% increased risk of preeclampsia, heart failure, weakened heart, and developing blood clots, respectively, during delivery compared to those without hormone disorders, as per a study. Also, these patients had a 2-fold increased risk of abnormal heart rhythms than women without hormone disorders.
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
About 1 in 5 pregnancies in the United States were aborted in 2020
Over 930,000 abortions were observed in the US in 2020, which was up from 862,000 abortions in 2017, as per a report from Guttmacher Institute. Medication abortions for the first time accounted for 54% of the countries' abortions in 2020. The increasing number of women obtaining abortions shows the need and underscores the devastating supreme court decision on abortion rights.
How does valproic acid cause neurodevelopmental defects?
A p19Arf phenotype is responsible for epilepsy drug valproic acid's cellular senescence in neuroepithelial cells that cause birth defects, as per a study. The findings show that the drug can affect embryos causing microcephaly in some and exencephaly in others. Aberrant senescence may be linked to neurodevelopmental issues, as opposed to significant congenital deformations.
What are the risks associated with monkeypox in pregnancy?
Monkeypox can be transmitted to the fetus by the placenta, causing congenital monkeypox or can be transmitted by close contact after or during childbirth, as per the article reiterated by WHO. Also, an article in Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology provided guidance for managing monkeypox in pregnancy, including giving a C-section option for pregnant women with monkeypox.