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A billion young people are at risk of hearing loss
Unsafe listening practices are the reasons for the increased risk of hearing loss in young people, according to a study. Loud headphones and live events at bars or concerts are some examples. Experts recommend headsets, ear plugs, or air plugs to lower decibels to safeguard hearing. Taking breaks to reduce the exposure could also reduce the harm to hearing.
Transoral thyroidectomy through endoscopy is safer than open surgery
Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy via vestibular approach was linked to better cosmetic satisfaction and quality of life than open thyroidectomy in people with papillary thyroid cancer, as per a study. However, it was also associated with longer operative times, drainage times, and higher WBC counts. No differences were observed in other surgical outcomes.
Nose picking raises the risk of dementia and Alzheimer's
A recent study showed that Chlamydia pneumoniae could use the olfactory nerve from the nose to enter the brain. This invasion could increase the amyloid beta protein deposition, a marker for Alzheimer's disease. Though the study was done on mouse models, humans also have the same pathway. Thus investigators believe picking the nose and plucking nose hairs could harm the brain.
A culture-directed therapy could help patients with chronic rhinosinusitis
People with sudden worsening of chronic rhinosinusitis or acute exacerbations of chronic rhinosinusitis (AECRS) were given empiric antibiotics or culture-directed therapy based on mucopurulent swabs taken in a study. The treatment plan remained appropriate for 73% of patients, but it had to be changed in 27% after culture results were received.
Sodium thiosulfate gets FDA approval for lowering ototoxicity from cisplatin
The drug can be used for treating children aged one month and older with localized and non-metastatic solid tumors. The rate of hearing loss in patients on cisplatin plus sodium thiosulphate was lower than that in patients on cisplatin alone in a clinical trial. Vomiting, nausea, hypokalemia, hypernatremia, and reduced hemoglobin are reported side effects.
EU endorses approval of tralokinumab for treating atopic dermatitis
The CHMP gave a positive opinion on using Adtralza (tralokinumab) for treating adolescents aged 12-17 years with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis, as per a report. The recommended initial dose is 600 mg, followed by 300 mg every other week. The recommendation for approval of this human monoclonal antibody therapy was based on the results from the phase 3 ECZTRA 6 trial.
Nasal irrigation could reduce COVID-19 severity
Flushing your nasal cavity using a mild saline solution twice a day at home immediately after testing positive for the virus could lower the risk of hospitalization and death, as per a study. The solution can be made by adding half a teaspoon of baking soda and salt to a cup of distilled or boiled water. It can significantly help patients with risk factors for severe disease.
Nearly 14% of adults worldwide experience tinnitus symptoms
Tinnitus affects about 740 million people globally, and the pooled incidence of tinnitus was 1164 per 0.1 million person-years, according to a study. The tinnitus prevalence did not vary by sex. However, the increased prevalence was observed with increasing age, with the prevalence rate of 10%, 24%, and 14% among young, older and middle-aged adults, respectively.
A mobile phone-based therapy could be a promising new treatment for tinnitus
Patients treated with new digital polytherapeutics showed a clinical improvement of tinnitus at 12 weeks than the other group of patients who did not show improvement, as per a study. Initial audiologist assessment, development of a personalised therapy plan, and a combination of digital tools range based on the person's experience of tinnitus are the key to a new treatment.
University of Auckland
Earbuds might soon detect common ear infections and other ailments
Researchers developed EarHealth, a system that pairs Bluetooth earbuds with a smartphone with a deep learning platform and works by sending a chirp by the earbuds of healthy users. EarHealth showed an accuracy of 82.6% in 92 users, including 18 patients with earwax blockage, 25 patients with otitis media, 22 patients with a ruptured eardrum and 27 healthy people.
University at Buffalo