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Post-tonsillectomy deaths are more in children with chronic diseases
The overall post-tonsillectomy mortality rate was 7.04 and 117.22 per 0.1 million surgeries among individuals younger than 21 and children with chronic complex health conditions, according to a study. Nearly 53% of these deaths occurred after surgical discharge. Almost 2.8% of children with complex chronic health conditions underwent tonsillectomy.
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Hearing loss could increase the risk of dementia
A geriatric medicine expert said that as age progresses, hearing loss makes some people withdraw from peer conversations and reduces participation in various activities, making the people less engaged and social. This less brain stimulation could cause growth decline of different neuronal pathways responsible for memory function resulting in dementia.
Local nasal immunotherapy could be a safe alternative for allergic rhinitis
The local nasal immunotherapy group showed a greater post-treatment improvement in symptom medication score, total nasal symptom score and medication score compared to the control group, as per a study. Also, only serum IgG increased with local nasal immunotherapy. The nasal provocation threshold after treatment with local nasal immunotherapy was higher.
A surgeon rebuilds a woman's ear using a 3D-printed living tissue implant
The transplantation and reconstruction of an external ear were carried out on a 20-year-old woman with microtia. The 3DBio Therapeutics stated that the implant comprised a 3Dprinted collagen hydrogel scaffold and the patient's cartilage cells. The ear is printed the same as the patient's opposite ear. It is a part of the first trial of its kind for people with microtia.
A case of remdesivir induced sinus arrest in a patient with COVID-19
A 50-year-old woman presented to an ED with a 2-week history of worsening dyspnea. Based on the lab and clinical findings, the patient was diagnosed with acute respiratory failure stemming from COVID-19 induced pneumonia. She was treated with azithromycin, dexamethasone, remdesivir and ceftriaxone. However, she had bradycardia and sinus arrest after initiation of treatment.
A case of foreign body aspiration in a pediatric patient
A 12-month-old girl presented to an ED with a 4-hour history of stridor and coughing. The patient choked while eating. A chest radiograph showed volume loss and opacification in the right lung and hyperinflation in the left lung. She underwent bronchoscopy, and a foreign object was removed from the left mainstem bronchus. A repeat radiograph of the chest was normal.
COVID-19-associated anosmia is due to the inflammation of the olfactory bulb
Loss of smell in patients with COVID-19 is a consequence of the SARS-CoV-2 induced inflammation rather than a direct virus action, according to a study. Patients with COVID-19 induced inflammation showed severe vascular and nerve damage in the axons sending signals from the nasal passage to the olfactory bulb in the brain resulting in the loss of smell.
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WHO says the Pfizer vaccine is potentially associated with hearing loss
About 367 tinnitus cases and 164 hearing loss cases were reported among 11 billion people who received vaccines. Nearly 80% of hearing loss cases were due to Pfizer/BioNTech's vaccine. The onset of hearing loss was from a few minutes to 19 days, while most cases began on the first day of vaccination. Hearing loss decreased after the first dose but worsened after the second dose.
Study finds COVID-19 vaccination is not associated with sudden hearing loss
The incidence of SSNHL recorded in VAERS after vaccination with Pfizer's and Moderna's shots was 0.16 cases per 100,000 doses, and after Johnson & Johnson's shots was 0.22 cases per 100,000 doses, as per a study. Eight out of 14 patients with posttreatment audiometric data showed improved hearing. One patient developed SSNHL after 14 days of vaccination with Pfizer's shots.
AAO-HNSF updates the guidelines on paediatric tympanostomy tube surgery
The updated clinical practice guidelines comprise evidence-based recommendations regarding pediatric patient selection, indication for surgery and management after placing tympanostomy tubes. These guidelines are mainly intended for paediatric clinicians and health care professionals. It also includes downloadable patient and consumer education materials.
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